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Emergency Response

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Extreme Heat

According to Environment Canada, a heat wave is a period of more than 3 days when temperatures are more than 32°C (Health Canada, 2012); the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) defines excessive heat events as “summertime temperatures that are substantially hotter and/or more humid that average for a location for that time of year”(US EPA, 2016). Due to climate change, by 2050, cities...

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Wildfire Smoke and Health

Background The frequency and intensity of Canadian wildfires is increasing as a consequence of the changing global climate, as well as long-standing forest management practices (Flannigan et al., 2013). Fires pose a direct threat to lives and properties in some communities, and also cause episodes of extreme smoke pollution that threaten the health of populations over large geographic areas....

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