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Evidence Reviews

We produce evidence reviews based on our assessments of needs and gaps in evidence-based environmental health practice and policy. We also work with researchers and environmental public health students for reviews. These documents are peer-reviewed and the content is the responsibility of the authors.

Food Deserts and Food Swamps: A Primer

Topics: Equity, Food Location: General, Canada

Our food environments, which include the food that is available to us in our day-to-day environments, is a determinant of what we eat as individuals.This document is intended for environmental public health professionals, including medical health officers and public health inspectors, as well as other public health professionals such as public health dietitians and health promoters, whose work...

PDF icon Food_Deserts_Food_Swamps_Primer_Oct_2017.pdf

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Food Environments: An Introduction for Public Health Practice

Topics: Food Location: General, Canada

This document was written for environmental public health practitioners (environmental health officers and public health inspectors), as well as other public health professionals whose work relates to healthy environments (e.g., medical health officers, public health dietitians, health promotion professionals). It introduces the concept of food environments, highlights some key evidence for the...

PDF icon Food_Environments_Public_Health_Practice_Dec_2015.pdf

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Risk Factors and Surveillance Systems for Foodborne Illness Outbreaks in Canada (University of Guelph Master of Public Health Program)

Topics: Food Location: General, Canada

Risk factors for foodborne illness in Canada span along the “farm-to-fork continuum.” Human risk factors include personal hygiene, cross-contamination, temperature control and unsafe food sources. Surveillance and food safety systems at the regional (or local), provincial/territorial, and federal levels are designed to...

PDF icon Risk_Surveillance_FBI_Outbreaks_June_2014.pdf

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Review of Food Safety Interventions and Evaluation in Food Service Establishments

Topics: Food Location: General, Canada

The public health and economic implications for foodborne illness in industrialized nations can be costly. Food service establishments (FSEs) are major settings for foodborne pathogen exposure in developed countries due to high consumption of food prepared outside homes. To reduce foodborne illness risks, many health authorities implement food safety interventions in FSEs in order to modify food...

Food_Safety_Interventions_Sept_2013

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Perceived and Potential Human Health Risks Associated with Consumption of Genetically Modified Animals (University of Guelph Master of Public Health Program)

Topics: Food Location: General, Canada

Numerous varieties of genetically modified (GM) crops have been approved in Canada, and processed foods containing GM ingredients can be found on grocery store shelves. In contrast, there are currently no GM animals or products derived from GM animals approved for human consumption in Canada. According to the principle of substantial equivalence, which is used to evaluate the safety of GM foods,...

PDF icon Genetically_Modified_Animals_Mar_2013.pdf

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